EMPLOYEE'S RIGHT TO UNION REPRESENTATION
The rights of unionized employees to have present
a union representative during investigatory interviews were announced by the
U.S. Supreme Court in a 1975 case (NLRB vs. Weingarten, Inc. 420 U.S. 251,88
LRRM 2689). These rights have become known as the Weingarten rights.
Employees have Weingarten rights only during
investigatory interviews: An investigatory interview occurs when a
supervisor questions an employee to obtain information which could be used as a
basis for discipline or asks an employee to defend his or her conduct.
If an employee has a reasonable belief that
discipline or other adverse consequences may result from what he says, the
employee has the right to request union representation.
When the employee makes the request for a
union representative to be present management has three options:
(1) They can stop questioning until the
(2) They can call off the interview or,
(3) They can tell the employee that they will
call off the interview unless the employee voluntarily gives up his/her rights
to a union representative (an option the employee should always refuse.)
Once you've asked for union representation, any attempt by
management to continue asking questions before a union representative gets there
is ILLEGAL. If supervisors pressure you by telling you that "you're
only making things worse for yourself" by asking for union representation,
that's against the law too.
Employers will often assert that the only role of
a union representative in an investigatory interview is to observe the
discussion. The Supreme Court, however, clearly acknowledges a
representative's right to assist and counsel workers during the interview.
The Supreme Court has also ruled that during an
investigatory interview management must inform the union representative of the
subject of the interrogation. The representative must also be allowed to
speak privately with the employee before the interview. During the
questioning, the representative can interrupt to clarify a question or to object
to confusing or intimidating tactics.
While the interview is in progress the
representative cannot tell the employee what to say but he may advise them on
how to answer a question. At the end of the interview the union
representative can add information to support the employee's case.
What to Say if Management Asks Questions That
Could Lead to Discipline:
"If this discussion could in any way lead
to my being disciplined or terminated, or affect my personal working conditions,
I request that my union representative, officer, or steward be present at the
meeting. Without representation, I choose not to answer any questions."
Know the limits:
Just as it's important to know what your
Weingarten rights are, it is also important to know the limits.
You are not entitled to have a steward present
every time a supervisor wants to talk to you. Remember, if the discussion
begins to change into questioning that could lead to discipline, you have the
right to ask for representation before the conversation goes any further. If
you are called into the supervisor's office for an investigation, you can't
refuse to go without your steward. All you can do is refuse to answer
questions until your union representative (or steward) gets there and you've had
a chance to talk things over.
Be informed, stay informed. In
knowledge there is
power, in unity
there is strength.